COSTA STAFF MUSIC

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MODERN

Posted by costastaffmusic@gmail.com on January 5, 2016 at 1:20 AM Comments comments (0)

MODERN PERIOD

- 1910 - 2000

- Some people say the first piece of modern music was Prélude à l’après-midi d’un faune which translates to Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun by Claude Debussy (1862-1918) in 1894.

- Igor Stravinsky (1882–1971)


- Another famous Modern Composer is Arnold Schoenberg (1874–1951)



ROMANTIC

Posted by costastaffmusic@gmail.com on January 5, 2016 at 1:15 AM Comments comments (0)

ROMANTIC PERIOD

- 1820 - 1910

Ludwig van Beethoven’s (1770–1827) wrote the FIRST ROMANTIC MUSIC: Eroica Symphony (heroic in Italian)

- Frédéric Chopin (1810–1849) 


- Other famous Romantic composers are the following:

  • Richard Wagner (1813–1883)
  • Johannes Brahms (1833–1897)
  • Felix Mendelssohn (1809–1847)
  • Robert Schumann (1810–1856)
  • Franz Liszt (1811–1886)
  • Giuseppe Verdi (1813–1901)
  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840–1893)
  • Gustav Mahler (1860–1911)

 

 


CLASSICAL

Posted by costastaffmusic@gmail.com on January 5, 2016 at 1:00 AM Comments comments (0)

CLASSICAL PERIOD

- 1750-1820

- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791)


- Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827)


- Other famous Classical composers are the following:

  • Joseph Haydn (1732–1809)
  • Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach (1714–1788) [J. S. Bach's son]

 

 



BAROQUE

Posted by costastaffmusic@gmail.com on January 5, 2016 at 12:40 AM Comments comments (0)

BAROQUE PERIOD

- Is a style of art from 1600-1750

- The greatest baroque composer was Johann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750)

- Other famous composers from this period are the following:

  • George Fredrich Handel (1685-1741)
  • Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741) 
  • Johann Pachelbel (1653–1706)

Artwork by Gisel A Costa



Music History

Posted by costastaffmusic@gmail.com on January 4, 2016 at 11:45 PM Comments comments (0)

Artwork by Gisel A Costa


Coming Soon!!

KEYBOARD HISTORY

Posted by costastaffmusic@gmail.com on January 4, 2016 at 11:10 PM Comments comments (0)

 

Artwork by Gisel A Costa


Keyboards have been around since the middle ages. It started off with the organ, which is the oldest instrument. The organ is considered a wind instrument which is very different than the modern piano.


During the late middle ages, the clavichord was invented. It was the first strings keyboard. It was very small and produced soft sounds. It was found in homes. However, it was not used for concert performances due to its soft sounds. The mechanics behind the clavichord was quite simple. When a player pressed the key, the key lifted a small copper square which struck the string as well as lifitng a damper. it allowed the strings vibration to be sustained as long as the key was held. It had one string per key and sometimes one for two keys. With a modern piano, it had three strings per key. Although it was known to be a quiet instrument it did allow for a wider dynamic range. The strings in a clavichord ran perpendicular like an upright piano.

 

The harpsichord was another strings keyboard invented during the 15th century in Italy. When a player pressed the key it lifts a jack which pushes a bird quill or plectrum to pluck its string. It ran parallel to the keys similar to a grand piano. It also contained a damper to cut off the vibration as soon as the key is released.

 

Throughout the 15th-17th century the next keyboard that was used was called the spinet or virginal, which consisted of 4 octaves.


Bartolommeo Cristofori invented the first piano in 1709. He called it gravicembalo col piano e forte-a, which translates to "keyboard instrument that can be played soft and loud" to "pianoforte" to "piano". It contained the key, a felt hammer, and escapement with no dampers or pedals. The mechanics was changed during the 1800s. It had double escapement, which allowed the hammer not to fall all the way down. That allowed for quicker repetition of notes and faster trills. The piano is known for its resonance and dynamic range.

Davida Verotta. "Short History of the Pianoforte." Retrieved from: http://www.davideverotta.com/A_folders/Teaching/historypiano.html.