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Posted by on July 6, 2016 at 1:10 PM Comments comments (0)



This summer's agenda for my students is not only to practice but also to create and understand the structure and patterns of the keyboard. This will also enable the beginner student to comprehend different hand positions. If there is enough time I allow my students to be as creative as possible. We can create these keyboards either 2D or 3D. 

There are 88 keys on a given piano but for the young beginner an octave or two octaves will be a great start.

What You Will Need: 

  • Construction Paper
  • Labels
  • Crayons/Markers/Glitter Glue
  • Scissors


What to Do: 

  1. Ask your student or child to look identify the patterns and structure of the keys. Add the long white labels to the construction paper to create the main white keybed. 
  2. Using scissors, cut the labels in half to add the black keys. Assist and make sure your student or child is adding the black keys in the correct areas. Color the keys either black or any color of their choice.
  3. Add either glitter glue or markers around the keys. This can help distinguish the keys.
  4. Write the musical alphabetical pattern on the keys or any key position.


Enjoy your keybed! 

Vocal Anatomy

Posted by on January 4, 2016 at 11:25 PM Comments comments (0)

Artwork by Gisel A Costa

A child’s voice is not an adult’s voice! Children’s voices are smaller in the literal sense of the word – they physically cannot create the same volume or range an adult can, at least not without straining. Their lung volumes are smaller, and so are their larynges. There are restrictions, especially in range. It also means that “adult voice qualities” are not that readily available to them, and that their voices will grow wearier.
There are always exceptions to these rules, but they are just that: Exceptions!
Age 6 is recommended as the youngest age for voice lessons.

-Be sure you keep your vocal folds moist and well lubricated. You can do this by drinking plenty of liquids throughout the day.
- Keep tea and coffee consumption to a minimum though, as the caffeine in these drinks dries out the vocal folds and can make the voice sound raspy and scratchy. Alcohol is also bad for the voice, as it dehydrates the body and therefore the vocal folds. Also avoid citric acids before your lesson.
- Take time to take a relaxed, deep breath before you start to sing or speak. It will make you feel calmer and more confident.
- After speaking for a long time, warm-down by drinking some room temperature water. Yawn and then breathe deeply. A yawn is a good exercise for your kids singing as well.
- To nurse your voice through acold or a throat infection,steam it and drink lots of water. If diagnosed with laryngitis DO NOT SING. WHEN YOU ARE SICK PLEASE ALWAYS VISIT A DOCTOR FOR PROFESSIONAL ADVICE.
- Look after your voice. Don't strain it. Eliminate background noise before you try to speak loudly over it. If you have to project your voice, always use breath support.

Percussion Family

Posted by on January 4, 2016 at 11:25 PM Comments comments (0)

Artwork by Gisel A Costa

Woodwind Family

Posted by on January 4, 2016 at 11:20 PM Comments comments (0)

Artwork by Gisel A Costa

Brass Family

Posted by on January 4, 2016 at 11:20 PM Comments comments (0)

Artwork by Gisel A Costa

Strings Family

Posted by on January 4, 2016 at 11:15 PM Comments comments (0)

Artwork by Gisel A Costa


Posted by on January 4, 2016 at 11:10 PM Comments comments (0)


Artwork by Gisel A Costa

Keyboards have been around since the middle ages. It started off with the organ, which is the oldest instrument. The organ is considered a wind instrument which is very different than the modern piano.

During the late middle ages, the clavichord was invented. It was the first strings keyboard. It was very small and produced soft sounds. It was found in homes. However, it was not used for concert performances due to its soft sounds. The mechanics behind the clavichord was quite simple. When a player pressed the key, the key lifted a small copper square which struck the string as well as lifitng a damper. it allowed the strings vibration to be sustained as long as the key was held. It had one string per key and sometimes one for two keys. With a modern piano, it had three strings per key. Although it was known to be a quiet instrument it did allow for a wider dynamic range. The strings in a clavichord ran perpendicular like an upright piano.


The harpsichord was another strings keyboard invented during the 15th century in Italy. When a player pressed the key it lifts a jack which pushes a bird quill or plectrum to pluck its string. It ran parallel to the keys similar to a grand piano. It also contained a damper to cut off the vibration as soon as the key is released.


Throughout the 15th-17th century the next keyboard that was used was called the spinet or virginal, which consisted of 4 octaves.

Bartolommeo Cristofori invented the first piano in 1709. He called it gravicembalo col piano e forte-a, which translates to "keyboard instrument that can be played soft and loud" to "pianoforte" to "piano". It contained the key, a felt hammer, and escapement with no dampers or pedals. The mechanics was changed during the 1800s. It had double escapement, which allowed the hammer not to fall all the way down. That allowed for quicker repetition of notes and faster trills. The piano is known for its resonance and dynamic range.

Davida Verotta. "Short History of the Pianoforte." Retrieved from: